Equipos de ensayo según norma para industria petrolera y petroquímica

 
 
 
 
 
 

// Equipos de ensayo segÚn norma para industria petrolera y petroquÍmica - De propÓsito general

GENERAL TESTS

  TESTS PURPOSE EQUIPMENT TEST STANDARDS
Aniline  Point Used to determine aromatic Content of solvents, thinners, plant spray oils and other products.

Thin Film Apparatus; U-Tube
Apparatus; Automatic Aniline  Point Apparatus

ASTM D611, DIN 51775,
FTM 791-3601, IP 2,

 ISO 2977
ASTM  Color Used for quality control, product identification and to
detect product contamination.

ASTM Color Comparator

ASTM D1500,FTM 791-102,
IP 196, ISO 2049

Autoignition Temperature Determines the lowest  temperature at which the vapor of a liquid or solid chemical sample will self-ignite Autoignition Furnace     ASTME659
Density and Relative Density A widely used product specification serving a variety of purposes. Hydrometer,  Thermo-hydrometer, of purposes. Constant Temperature Bath ASTM D287,D1298,D1657, API 2544,API 2547,E100, FM 791-401,IP160,IP235,  ISO 3675,ISO 3993
Destillation A key specification for wide range of volatile petroleum products.   Distillation Apparatus ASTM D86,D216,D233,D447,
Distillation at Reduced  Pressures The sample is distilled at a controlled, reduced pressure under conditions which provide approximately one theoretical plate fractionation. Vacuum Distillation Apparatus  ASTM D1160
Film Thickness Used to control thickness of  protective coatings on metal surfaces.  Pfund Film Thickness Gauge ASTM D1212
Flash Point Used in shipping and safety  regulations to determine “flammable” and “combustible”  materials. Can also be used to detect product contamination. Pensky-Martens Closed
Tester; Tag Open and
Closed Cup Testers;
Cleveland Open Cup Tester
ASTM D56,D92,D93,D1310, D3143,ANSZ-11.6,AASHTO T48,AASHTO T73-811, DIN 51376,DIN 51758,  FTM 791-1101,FTM 791-1102, FTM 791-1103,IP 34,IP 36, IP 304,ISO 2592,ISO 2719
Kinematic Viscosity Critical characteristic in the design, manufacture and use of all types of petroleum Capillary Viscometers,Constant Temperature Baths and Accessories products. ASTM D445,D446,D2170, D2532,DIN 51550,FTM 791-305, IP 71,IP 319,ISO 3104
Penetration Determines the consistency semisolid petroleum products Accessories Penetrometer,Penetration Cones, Needles and Accessories See “Lubricating Grease” and “Bitumens and Waxes”
Reid Vapor  Pressure Determines the volatility of gasoline and other petroleum  products.

Reid Vapor Pressure Bombs,           
Gauges,Constant Temperature
Bath,161,ISO 3007,ISO 4256

ASTM D323,D1267,DIN 51616, DIN 51754,FTM 791-1201,IP 69

Rust  Protection Used to test the ability of metal preservatives to prevent steel from rusting under conditions of high humidity.  Humidity Cabinet ASTM D1748,FTM 791-5310
JAN-H-792
Salt in Crude            

Part of the preliminary assay for  crude oils.

Salts in Crude Determination  Apparatus ASTM D3230
Sampling                    Obtaining liquid samples from
Storage tanks, tank trucks, ship and barge tanks, drums, pipelines, etc.
Sampling Bombs and Beakers; Drum Thief; LPG Sampling  Cylinders ASTM D270, D923,  D1085,D1265, D4057
Saybolt Color          

Used for quality control and   identification of highly defined products and for detection of
product contamination.

Saybolt Chromometer; Saybolt Wax Chromometer ASTM D156,DIN 51411,  FTM 791-101
Saybolt Viscosity Critical characteristic in the  design, manufacture and use  of all types of petroleum products.  Saybolt Viscometer Tubes,  Universal and Furol Orifices, Constant Temperature Baths and Accessories      ASTM D88,E102,D244,  5310 AASHTO T72,FTM 791-304
Sediment Content Used to determine the amount of sediment contamination crude and fuel oils. Sediment Extraction Apparatus  ASTM D473,FTM 791-3002,   IP 53,DIN 51789,ISO 3735
Sulfur Content
(W
ickbold Method)      

Measures sulfur and trace sulfur contentby burning a sample in an oxy-hydrogen burner.

Wickbold Apparatus  ASTM 2384,D2784,D2785,  IP 243
Thermometer Calibration Calibration of ASTM Constant Temperature  
Thermometers  Comparator (Calibration Bath)
 ASTM E77
Unsulfonated Residue Evaluates the degree of refinement of plant spray oils.        Combined Shaking Machine  and Steam Bath, Cooling Bath  ASTM D483, DIN 51362

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